Sorry forgive me apologize и другие варианты извинений

Sorry, forgive me, apologize и другие варианты извинений

Пожалуй, все уже знают, какие слова необходимо употреблять, если вы хотите попросить прощения – sorry, либо же, если вы еще не успели причинить собеседнику беспокойства, – excuse me. Но вот не все знают о том, что sorry тоже можно сказать по-разному.

Так, представим: вы спешите на работу и бежите по тротуару, а тут внезапно перед вами появляется человек, которого вы нечаянно толкаете. Вроде бы и не хотели вы его задеть, но, в то же время, нарушили личное пространство (а к этому в англоязычных странах относятся очень серьезно!) В этом случае вы на бегу роняете «Sorry» и продолжаете бежать. Все формальности соблюдены, никто никому ничего не должен.

В глазах другого человека «Im sorry» звучит уже немного вежливее, нежели вариант, описанный в примере выше. А вот «I am really sorry» − это, скорее, не столько извинение, сколько оправдание. Наконец, крайняя степень сожаления − это «I am awfully sorry». Наверное, извиняться в такой форме за то, что вы кого-то задели на улице, не совсем верно. Проступок должен быть равнозначен извинению.

А фраза «I beg your pardon» звучит как «Я умоляю вас о прощении». Это выражение также может быть уместно лишь в определенной ситуации, поскольку она чрезмерно изысканная для повседневной жизни. Вот если вы случайно задели английскую королеву на улице, тогда да, совсем другое дело.

Есть и еще один вариант – forgive me. В отличие от sorry, такие слова произносят только в том случае, если вы серьезно обидели другого человека, и теперь, поразмыслив и искренне раскаявшись в своем поступке, хотите наладить отношения. На письме же используют, как правило, другую форму извинений − apologize. Это официальное выражение, которое реже употребляется в обыденной речи.

Теперь, когда мы выяснили, как правильно извиняться, поговорим о том, как принимать извинения. Самый простой вариант – это, конечно же, «Its OK». Также в ответ на извинение вы вполне можете сказать «Never mind», что будет означать «не берите в голову». И еще одно достаточно простое выражение − It doesnt matter.

Теперь вы не только можете выразить свое сожаление в соответствии с ситуацией, но и правильно отреагируете, если услышите извинение от кого-то другого.

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Упражнения по теме
«Инфинитив и герундий»
(с ответами)

1. He tried to avoid . my question.
2. Could you please stop . so much noise?
3. I enjoy . to music.
4. I considered . for the job but in the end I decided against it.
5. Have you finished . your hair yet?
6. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk . knocked down.
7. Jim is 65 but he isn’t going to retire yet. He wants to carry on .
8. I don’t mind you . the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.
9. Hello! Fancy . you here! What a surprise!
10. I’ve put off . the letter so many times. I really must do it today.
11. What a stupid thing to do! Can you imagine anybody . so stupid?
12. Sarah gave up . to find a job in this country and decided to go abroad.

9. Make infinitives (with or without “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.

1. She doesn’t allow . in the house. (smoke)
2. I’ve never been to Iceland but I’d like . there. (go)
3. I’m in a difficult position. What do you advise me . (do)
4. She said the letter was personal and wouldn’t let me . it. (read)
5. We were kept at the police station for two hours and then we were allowed . (go)
6. Where would you recommend me . for my holidays? (go)
7. I wouldn’t recommend . in that restaurant. The food is awful. (eat)
8. The film was very sad. It made me . (cry)
9. Carol’s parents always encouraged her . hard at school. (study)

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Тесты по грамматике английского языка с ответами

Тесты для студентов всех факультетов и специальностей поступающих в магистратуру.

Тесты по английскому языку составлена для студентов курсов всех факультетов и специальностей, поступающих в магистратуру.

Тесты предназначены как для вступительных экзаменов в магистратуру, так и для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов для контроля грамматических навыков и знаний студентов, и представляет собой сборник тестов, подобранных авторами из различных источников художественной и научной литературы, представляющих собой оригинальные предложения, составленные носителями языка, и организованных по степени возрастания сложности грамматического материала.

Методическая разработка имеет целью помочь студентам в освоении программных общеобразовательных тем, а также обеспечить контроль знаний студентов.

Выберете правильные варианты ответов:

1. What is this? … is my exercise-book.
a. it
b. these
c. those
d. they
e. them

2. There is … pen on the table.
a. some
b. such
c. an
d. a
e. three

3. … car is this?
a. what
b. who’s
c. why
d. whom
e. whose

4. I’m cold. …open the window.
a. a not
b. don’t
c. no
d. none
e. –

5. He … to the University by tram.
a. is going
b. can
c. goes
d. go
e. are going

6. Nick … a book now.
a. is reading
b. are reading
c. read will read
d. had read

7. I like potatoes, but I … them everyday.
a. haven’t eat
b. not eat
c. doesn’t eat
d. don’t eat
e. isn’t eating

8. I … to see my friend tomorrow.
a. are going
b. have going
c. is going
d. were going
e. am going

9. She didn’t … breakfast yesterday.
a. had
b. has
c. have
d. having
e. haved

10. I can swim, but my friend …
a. is not
b. can’t
c. don’t
d. needn’t
e. aren’t

11. … I take your pen?
a. may
b. will be able
c. does
d. has
e. had

12. Must I wear these shoes? – No, you…
a. mustn’t
b. can’t
c. weren’t
d. isn’t
e. aren’t

13. My grandfather … to leave school when he was 15.
a. must
b. can
c. is
d. are
e. had to

14. I … speak French last year.
a. can’t
b. may not
c. must not
d. couldn’t
e. hasn’t

15. You will … speak English in 3 years.
a. can
b. has
c. had
d. be able to
e. were able to

16. When I called him, he … supper.
a. has having
b. was have
c. was having
d. is having
e. were having

17. They … up late yesterday.
a. get
b. got
c. has got
d. gets
e. getting

18. It is the … book I have ever read.
a. best
b. better
c. well
d. good
e. worse

19. Where … go? Let’s go to the cinema.
a. won’t we
b. is we
c. have we
d. shall we
e. are we

20. What has she … ?
a. doing
b. do
c. did
d. done
e. does

21. There … many students in the room now.
a. were
b. was
c. is
d. are
e. will

22. There … a university in the centre of the city.
a. is
b. are
c. be
d. shall
e. were

23. I can’t see … on my table.
a. nothing
b. nobody
c. anything
d. anywhere
e. somewhere

24. What … you going to do tonight?
a. was
b. will
c. were
d. is
e. are

25. There … any sugar in the tea.
a. weren’t
b. wasn’t
c. haven’t
d. hadn’t
e. won’t

26. We … in Moscow last year.
a. lives
b. is living
c. has living
d. live
e. lived

27. Where … she work?
a. do
b. done
c. doing
d. does
e. is

28. . speaks English well?
a. which
b. why
c. who
d. when
e. what

29. How many theatres … there in your city now?
a. were
b. are
c. have
d. is
e. was

30. What … you do tomorrow?
a. will
b. shall
c. will be
d. shall be
e. are

31. He said that he … at the plant last year.
a. are having
b. living
c. lives
d. had lived
e. lived

32. Let … tell his friends about his city.
a. his
b. him
c. he
d. her
e. she

33. My friend … breakfast when I called him.
a. were having
b. will having
c. are having
d. was having
e. is having

34. What … do you want to read?
a. another
b. yet
c. other
d. still
e. else

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35. Which is the … river in our country?
a. long
b. longer
c. longest
d. large
e. larger

36. There was … in the room.
a. somebody
b. somewhere
c. anybody
d. anything
e. some

37. Who … you this story yesterday?
a. speak
b. tell
c. told
d. spoke
e. said

38. When we came in, the film … already begun.

39. The work … done well two days ago.
a. has done
b. was done
c. has been done
d. was do
e. did

40. Books by Dickens … many times.
a. is publishing
b. have published
c. are published
d. were published
e. is published

41. What … you do every day?
a. does
b. do
c. did
d. doing
e. done

42. This problem … tomorrow.
a. will be discussed
b. have been discussed
c. is discussing
d. will discuss
e. had discussed

43. I wonder, why there are so … people.
a. no
b. such
c. some
d. much
e. many

44. I am sorry… I come in?
a. could
b. might
c. may
d. must
e. need

45. I … do this work yesterday. I was busy.
a. mustn’t
b. can’t
c. couldn’t
d. aren’t
e. weren’t

46. What … you doing here?
a. are
b. is
c. will
d. be
e. can

47. He … going to translate this article.
a. do
b. have
c. may
d. is
e. are

48. These pictures … by a young painter last year.
a. are painted
b. were painted
c. is painted
d. will be painted
e. have been painted

49. I … know him.
a. doesn’t
b. haven’t
c. hasn’t
d. isn’t
e. don’t

50. … go to the library.
a. won’t
b. doesn’t
c. don’t
d. haven’t
e. isn’t

51. Do you often … English to your teacher?
a. spoken
b. spoke
c. speak
d. speaking
e. speaked
52. … of you likes to speak French?
a. which
b. who
c. why
d. what
e. whom

53. … of you lives in the centre of Moscow?
a. whom
b. whose
c. who
d. which
e. when

54. How long does your working day …?
a. has lasted
b. is lasting
c. lasted
d. last
e. lasting
55. My sister works .
a. many
b. much
c. some
d. not many
e. none

56. What … they discussing now?
a. are
b. were
c. will
d. is
e. was

57. Will you … at home tomorrow?
a. is
b. were
c. are
d. be
e. have

58. They … here an hour ago.
a. have
b. have been
c. was
d. were
e. are

59. I wrote him a letter …
a. since
b. today
c. last month
d. this month
e. tomorrow

60. … children don’t like to play football.
a. some
b. no
c. any
d. anybody
e. somebody

61. There … many children in the park yesterday.
a. hadn’t
b. aren’t
c. haven’t
d. wasn’t
e. weren’t

62. Where … we get these journals?
a. do
b. can
c. must
d. were
e. will

63. … I ask you a question? – Certainly.
a. am
b. must
c. may
d. was
e. will

64. He … come yet.
a. haven’t
b. didn’t
c. hasn’t
d. doesn’t
e. can’t

65. I was waiting … you at 5 o’clock yesterday.
a. with
b. at
c. for
d. in
e. –

66. Have you … the translation yet?
a. does
b. doing
c. do
d. did
e. done

67. Is … a library at your office?
a. where
b. there
c. anywhere
d. somewhere
e. nowhere

68. These books are too difficult .. me.
a. about
b. at
c. of
d. for
e. with

69. …you know about it yesterday?
a. hasn’t
b. haven’t
c. don’t
d. didn’t
e. doesn’t

70. You can help me, … you?
a. can’t
b. can
c. couldn’t
d. won’t
e. don’t

71. You didn’t see him last week, … you?
a. didn’t
b. did
c. does
d. doesn’t
e. won’t

72. … usually takes me half an hour to get to my office.
a. he
b. I
c. what
d. it
e. she

73. I’m hurrying … the University.
a. to
b. of
c. at
d. in
e. –

74. What is he afraid … ?
a. to
b. in
c. with
d. of
e. off

75. There … a lot of students at the lecture tomorrow.
a. will
b. will be
c. will have
d. will can
e. were

76. He won’t go to the cinema tomorrow, … he?
a. will
b. won’t
c. won’t be
d. didn’t
e. did

77. Here is the man … wanted to speak to you.
a. which of
b. which
c. who
d. whom
e. whose

78. He will come back … Simferopol in June.
a. –
b. of
c. at
d. in
e. to

79. I didn’t do my work …. I was busy.
a. that’s why
b. because
c. in order to
d. after
e. before

80. … you swim last year?
a. could
b. can
c. was able
d. will be able
e. could able

81. I … seen him this week.
a. hasn’t
b. haven’t
c. didn’t
d. don’t
e. doesn’t

82. You were waiting for me at 2 o’clock yesterday, … you?
a. aren’t
b. didn’t
c. wasn’t
d. weren’t
e. haven’t

83. Mr. Green won’t be able to come, .. he?
a. shall
b. will
c. can
d. has
e. does

84. He … a cup of coffee when the telephone rang.
a. drink
b. are drinking
c. is drinking
d. drank
e. was drinking

85. The company has so … money.
a. little
b. less
c. more
d. many
e. the least

86. I … going to invite you to my birthday party.
a. has
b. have
c. are
d. is
e. am

87. You … English before entering the University
a. has study
b. has studied
c. had studied
d. had study
e. studied

88. New York is the … city in the USA.
a. most large
b. larger
c. large
d. largest
e. much largest

89. Who is your … friend?
a. goodest
b. best
c. better
d. more better
e. most

90. He … always waited for.
a. being
b. been
c. has
d. are
e. is

91. Who … asked when you came in?
a. was
b. been
c. was being
d. were
e. were being

92. Many new houses … built in our city lately.
a. has been
b. had been
c. have been
d. have being
e. being

93. I … wait for him now. I am very busy.
a. can’t
b. couldn’t
c. wasn’t
d. hadn’t
e. hasn’t

94. He … many friends here.
a. have
b. haves
c. has
d. having
e. had had

95. Will you … to come tomorrow?
a. will able
b. had able
c. was able
d. able
e. be able

96. You must … to answer all my questions.
a. was ready
b. be ready
c. is ready
d. are ready
e. ready
97. … you learn English?
a. haven’t
b. aren’t
c. isn’t
d. don’t
e. doesn’t

98. How many lessons … you have every day?
a. do
b. does
c. have
d. has
e. are
99. You like to watch TV- programmes, … you?
a. do
b. don’t
c. doesn’t
d. does
e. did

100. What … your favourite subject at school?
a. did
b. has
c. are
d. were
e. was

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Упражнения на тему The Past Perfect Tense

Упражнения на отработку Past Perfect – прекрасная возможность закрепить правила употребления этого непростого времени. Кстати, правила Past Perfect также доступны на сайте. А мы займемся упражнениями. Past Perfect упражнения предлагаются с ответами, поэтому вы сможете без труда убедится в своих успехах или, если нужно, еще раз обратится к статье по теории The Past Perfect Tense. В некоторых упражнениях возможны различные варианты ответов, поэтому для них я буду давать примерные варианты.

Упражнения разбиты на 2 уровня: уровень A несколько проще, уровень B– немного сложнее.

Past Perfect упражнения уровня A.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences using the Past Perfect tense of the verbs below. (Дополните предложения, используя форму Past Perfect глаголов, приведенных ниже.)

to learn the poem

— I went to bed after I had learnt the poem.

to have dinner, to do homework, to come , to read the book, to clean the room, to go shopping, to return from Australia, to finish work

  1. I went to see my friend after.
  2. I watched TV after.
  3. They went home after.
  4. He phoned me after.
  5. She went to dance after.
  6. We wrote a composition after.
  7. They rebuilt the house after.
  8. We went for a walk after.
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Упражнение 2. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в Past Perfect.)

  1. I . (to have) breakfast before I went to school.
  2. He went to meet his friends after he . (to do) his homework.
  3. By 8 o’clock the rain . (to stop).
  4. Alice was late because she . (to miss) the bus.
  5. She went to the post-office after she . (to write) the letter.
  6. He . (to work) at the factory before he entered the college.
  7. He got a bad mark for his test because he . (to make) a lot of mistakes in it.
  8. I went to bed after I . (to finish) reading the book.
  9. The child . (to fall) asleep before the parents came home.
  10. They . (to marry) before they bought this house.

Упражнение 3 . Use Past Perfect of the verbs in the box to complete the sentences. (Используйте Past Perfect предложенных глаголов, чтобы дополнить предложения.)

to leave, to go, to die, to see, to live, to fly

  1. I didn’t read the text in class because I … my book at home.
  2. The children didn’t want to go to the cinema because they . already . the film.
  3. Kate wasn’t at home last week because she . to visit her uncle.
  4. Linda never knew her father because he . before she was born.
  5. I was excited when the plane took off because I. never . before.
  6. My grandfather was always afraid of animals because he . never . in the country.

Упражнение 4. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в PastPerfect.)

1. Jill was afraid she _____ (forget) her key at home, but she found it in her handbag.

2. Dad wasn’t at home when I came back. He _____ (go) out twenty minutes before.

3. I wasn’t hungry because I_____ (just/have) breakfast.

4. Peter saw an urgent message on his table. Somebody _____ (leave) it the day before.

5. I apologized I _____ (not/phone) her.

6. He told me that he _____ (come back) a fortnight before.

7. I knew him at once though I _____ (meet) him many years before.

8. We spent the night in Klin, a town we _____ (often/hear of) but_____ (never/see).

9. They couldn’t believe he _____ (give up) his job in the bank. He _____ (make) a good living there.

10. Mr. Jackson said that he _____ ( already/buy) everything for lunch.

11. Alice asked her brother where he _____ (arrange) to meet his friends.

12. We had no car at that time because we _____ (sell) our old one.

13. They _____ (finish) painting the ceiling by two o’clock.

Past Perfect упражнения уровня B.

Упражнение 5. Say what action was done before. Combine the two sentences into one. (Oпределите, какое действие произошло раньше. Объедините два предложения в одно, не меняя части местами. Используйте BEFORE )

I sent a telegram. Then I met my friend.

— I had sent a telegram before I met my friend.

  1. The rain stopped. I went for a walk.
  2. I did my homework. My mother returned home.
  3. We met in the street. We went to the park.
  4. They packed their things. Then they started.
  5. I had dinner. I switched on the TV set.
  6. He returned home. The guests left.
  7. We came to the cinema. The film began.
  8. I read the book. I saw the play. .
  9. They lived here. They moved to another place.
  10. We played а game of tennis. We went to my place

Упражнение 6. Connect each pair of sentences with the conjunctions before, as soon as, after. (Объедините два предложения в одно, используя before, as soon as, after.)

They had lived in the country. They moved to the city.

— They had lived in the country before they moved to the city.

  1. He had finished school. He went to a camp.
  2. She had phoned her friend. She went to meet her.
  3. I read the book. I had seen the film.
  4. I had cleaned my room. I invited my friends home.
  5. He entered the university. He had finished school.
  6. Не told me about his impressions. He had returned from his journey.
  7. He was unhappy. He had got bad news.
  8. I had finished the text. I handed in my exercise-book.

Упражнение 7. Complete the sentences using Past Perfect. (Дополните предложения, используя Past Perfect ).

I watched a new film after…

I went for a walk after.

I fell asleep after.

I began to read a book after.

I helped my mother about the house after.

Ответы:

Упражнение 1. Примерные ответы:

  1. I went to see my friend after I had done my homework.
  2. I watched TV after I had come.
  3. They went home after they had finished work.
  4. He phoned me after he had cleaned the room.
  5. She went to dance after she had had dinner
  6. We wrote a composition after he had read the book.
  7. They rebuilt the house after they had come from Australia.
  8. We went for a walk after he had gone shopping.

Упражнение 2.

1 had had, 2 had done, 3 had stopped, 4 had missed, 5 had written, 6 had worked, 7 had made, 8 had finished, 9 had fallen, 10 had married

Упражнение 3.

1 had left, 2 had already seen. 3 had gone, 4 had died, 5 had never flown, 6 had never lived

Упражнение 4.

1 had forgotten, 2 had gone, 3 had just had, 4 had left, 5 had not phoned, 6 had come back, 7 had met, 8 had often heard/ had never seen, 9 had given up/ had made, 10 had already bought, 11 had arranged, 12 had sold, 13 had finished

Упражнение 5. Примерные ответы:

  1. The rain had stopped before I went for a walk.
  2. I had done my homework before my mother returned home.
  3. We had met in the street before we went to the park.
  4. They had packed their things before they started.
  5. I had had dinner before I switched on the TV set.
  6. Before he returned home the guests had left.
  7. Before we came to the cinema the film had begun.
  8. I had read the book before I saw the play. .
  9. They had lived here before they moved to another place.
  10. We had played а game of tennis before we went to my place

Упражнение 6. Примерные ответы:

  1. After he had finished school, he went to a camp.
  2. As soon as she had phoned her friend, she went to meet her.
  3. I read the book after I had seen the film.
  4. I had cleaned my room before I invited my friends home.
  5. He entered the university after he had finished school.
  6. Не told me about his impressions after he had returned from his journey.
  7. He was unhappy after he had got bad news.
  8. After I had finished the text, I handed in my exercise-book.

Надеюсь, упражнения на Past Perfect пришлись вам по вкусу и оказались по плечу!

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

5 Комментариев для «Упражнения на тему The Past Perfect Tense»

В 1 упражнении в 7 предложении в самом упражнении указана фраза to return from Australia, а в ответах указана фраза had come from Australia, почему return поменяли на come?

Ольга, случайно. had returned

Скажите, можно ли в 5 упр. под цифрой 6 : The guests had left before he returned home.

и под цифрой 7: We had come to the cinema before the film began. И если нет, то почему?

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Тест «Условные предложения в английском языке»

Тест "Условные предложения" предназначен для учащихся 9-11 классов. Проверяет знание условных предложений 0-3 типа, смешанных условных предложений и условных предложений с глаголом wish.

Содержимое разработки

Conditionals

Choose the right variant.

1. If the weather were fine, they … out of town.

a) go b) would go c) gone d) had gone

2. If Tom had enough money, he … to the USA long ago.

a)went b) would have gone c) have gone d) would go

3. If I … their language, I could understand what they were saying.

a) had known b) will know c) know d) knew

4. We … win the cup If we keep playing well.

a) will b) are c) are winning d) could have

5. If you touch a socket with wet hands, you … an electric shock.

a) will get b) would get c) would have got d) would have been got

6. If I … noticed Nick, I would have stopped him.

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a) — b) had c) have d) would have

7. "Listen to me, Mary! The officer says I cannot go abroad now! I wish I . the parking fine! I’m so sorry!"

a) paid b) pay c) had paid d) would pay

8. If I … you, I would apologize to her.

a) was b) had been c) were d) will be

9. If you live in Australia, January . in the middle of summer.

a) is b) was c) will be d) would be

10. If Jane … this medicine yesterday, she would feel better now.

a) take b) took c) taken d) had taken

11. When we . to the cinema, we . popcorn.

a) will go; will eat b) will go; eat c) go; would eat d) go; eat

12. If the weather… fine, he will go out of town.

a) was b) is c)will d) were

13. If it hadn’t been raining yesterday, we … on a trip.

a) would have gone b) have gone c) would go d) will have gone

14. – If you . down for a second, I’ll be able to help you. – No, I hate you!

a) calm b) calmed c) will calm d) had calmed

15. If John were playing tonight, we … a better chance of winning.

a) would have b) would c) have d) will have

16. We’ll just go to another restaurant if this one … fully occupied.

a) is b) will c) will be d) has

17. Had the guests come, I … the house.

a) must clean b) will clean c) would have cleaned d) would clean

18. If Rebecca … his phone number before, she would have called him.

a) have learned b) had learned c) learned d) learnt

19. They … let you on the plane unless you have a valid passport.

a) had b) have c) will d) won’t

20. If I … a taxi, I would have been there in time.

a) had took b) took c) had taken d) have taken

21. It will save us time and money if we . the hotel and flight together.

a) booked b) had booked c) book d) will book

22. He won’t go to sleep … you tell him a story.

а) when b) unless c) if d) as soon as

23. If I knew his address, I … to him.

a) would write b) wrote c) will write d) write

24. I’m sure she … forgive you if you apologize.

a) will b) would c) should d) —

25. If it rains this afternoon, … come round to my place!

a) can b) will c) – d) would

26. The waiter will tell you when the Picasso exhibition … close.

a) – b) might c) would d) will

27. I … more shopping in this store if things weren’t so expensive here.

a) would doing b) did c) would do d) do

28. If it rains this afternoon, then yesterday’s weather forecast … wrong.

a) was b) would be c) will be d) can be

29. I need to get to the supermarket very quickly. I wish I . a car!

a) would drive b) could drive c) had driven d) drive

30. I want to ask my journalist friend if this pop group … more shows this year.

a) plays b) played c) will play d) play

1. If the weather were fine, they … out of town.

a) go b) would go c) gone d) had gone

2 тип, главное предложение

2. If Tom had enough money, he … to the USA long ago.

a)went b) would have gone c) have gone d) would go

Mixed conditionals, главное предложение, следствие относится к прошлому

3. If I … their language, I could understand what they were saying.

a) had known b) will know c) know d) knew

2 тип, придаточное предложение

4. We … win the cup If we keep playing well.

a) will b) are c) are winning d) could have

1 тип, главное предложение

5. If you touch a socket with wet hands, you … an electric shock.

a) will get b) would get c) would have got d) would have been got

1 тип, главное предложение

6. If I … noticed Nick, I would have stopped him.

a) — b) had c) have d) would have

3 тип, придаточное предложение

7. "Listen to me, Mary! The officer says I cannot go abroad now! I wish I . the parking fine! I’m so sorry!"

a) paid b) pay c) had paid d) would pay

Wish — сожаление о прошлом

8. If I … you, I would apologize to her.

a) was b) had been c) were d) will be

2 тип, придаточное предложение. В данном случает вместо was необходимо употребить were. Если Вы изучаете разговорный американский английский и поэтому выбрали was, можете засчитать себе за правильный ответ.

9. If you live in Australia, January . in the middle of summer.

a) is b) was c) will be d) would be

0 тип, главное предложение

10. If Jane … this medicine yesterday, she would feel better now.

a) take b) took c) taken d) had taken

mixed conditionals, придаточное предложение, условие относится к прошлому, а следствие — к настоящему.

11. When we . to the cinema, we . popcorn.

a) will go; will eat b) will go; eat c) go; would eat d) go; eat

0 тип с использованием союза when

12. If the weather… fine, he will go out of town.

a) was b) is c)will d) were

1 тип, придаточное предложение

13. If it hadn’t been raining yesterday, we … on a trip.

a) would have gone b) have gone c) would go d) will have gone

3 тип, главное предложение

14. – If you . down for a second, I’ll be able to help you. – No, I hate you!

a) calm b) calmed c) will calm d) had calmed

1 тип, придаточное предложение. Использование will в данном случае выражает вежливое требование, просьбу.

15. If John were playing tonight, we … a better chance of winning.

a) would have b) would c) have d) will have

2 тип, главное предложение

16. We’ll just go to another restaurant if this one … fully occupied.

a) is b) will c) will be d) has

1 тип, придаточное предложение

17. Had the guests come, I … the house.

a) must clean b) will clean c) would have cleaned d) would clean

3 тип, главное предложение. Вместо союза if использована инверсия.

18. If Rebecca … his phone number before, she would have called him.

a) have learned b) had learned c) learned d) learnt

3 тип , придаточное предложение

19. They … let you on the plane unless you have a valid passport.

a) had b) have c) will d) won’t

1 тип, главное предложение, обратите внимание на перевод союза unless

20. If I … a taxi, I would have been there in time.

a) had took b) took c) had taken d) have taken

3 тип, придаточное предложение

21. It will save us time and money if we . the hotel and flight together.

a) booked b) had booked c) book d) will book

1 тип, придаточное предложение

22. He won’t go to sleep … you tell him a story.

а) when b) unless c) if d) as soon as

23. If I knew his address, I … to him.

a) would write b) wrote c) will write d) write

2 тип, главное предложение

24. I’m sure she … forgive you if you apologize.

a) will b) would c) should d) —

1 тип, главное предложение

25. If it rains this afternoon, … come round to my place!

a) can b) will c) d) would

26. The waiter will tell you when the Picasso exhibition … close.

a) b) might c) would d) will

придаточное предложение, которое отвечает на вопрос «ЧТО»

27. I … more shopping in this store if things weren’t so expensive here.

a) would doing b) did c) would do d) do

2 тип, главное предложение

28. If it rains this afternoon, then yesterday’s weather forecast … wrong.

a) was b) would be c) will be d) can be

вывод, выраженный глаголом в прошедшем времени

29. I need to get to the supermarket very quickly. I wish I . a car!

a) would drive b) could drive c) had driven d) drive

wish — сожаление о неспособности делать что-то в настоящем времени (первый вариант невозможен)

30. I want to ask my journalist friend if this pop group … more shows this year.

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